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 Table of Contents  
OPERATIVE TECHNIQUE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 48-50

Hemostatic circumferential suture technique for excision of scalp tumors


Department of Surgery, Abuth, Zaria, Nigeria

Date of Web Publication22-Sep-2012

Correspondence Address:
Ahmad Mai
Department of Surgery, Abuth, Zaria
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2278-9596.101278

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  Abstract 

Background: Many surgical approaches have been devised for a complete scalp tumor excision. The chief aim of all techniques is complete clearance with minimal blood loss. In third world countries where resource is low, scalp tumor excision procedure has been challenging because of inadequate facilities to have a good control of bleeding during excision.
Case Report: The authors described a technique of a scalp tumor excision that guarantees complete excision with minimal blood loss. This approach is specifically suitable for a low-resource setting. It is simple, inexpensive, and easy to learn.
Conclusion: Hemostatic circumferential suture technique for excision of scalp tumors is described. It is suitable for third world nations with low resource. The technique is simple and very effective with minimal blood loss.

Keywords: Tumor, scalp, circumferential suture, hemostatic


How to cite this article:
Mai A, Stephen GE. Hemostatic circumferential suture technique for excision of scalp tumors. Arch Int Surg 2012;2:48-50

How to cite this URL:
Mai A, Stephen GE. Hemostatic circumferential suture technique for excision of scalp tumors. Arch Int Surg [serial online] 2012 [cited 2019 Oct 19];2:48-50. Available from: http://www.archintsurg.org/text.asp?2012/2/1/48/101278


  Introduction Top


There are many surgical approaches to scalp tumor excision. All procedures aim to completely excise the tumor with minimal blood loss while ensuring complete surgical excision. [1] Any approach used must ensure minimal blood loss and less recurrence of tumors. [2] The best approach must also ensure less operating time with excellent cosmesis. We describe a technique of excision of scalp tumors with minimal blood loss. It is a simple procedure and can be suitable in low resource setting.


  Operative Technique Top


The scalp is shaved completely before surgery [Figure 1]. Local anesthesia is used, but general anesthesia is preferred especially for large scalp tumors. If local anesthesia is feasible in the patient, 2% lignocaine with epinephrine is administered. The scalp is cleaned and draped. The line of excision of tumor and the line of application of circumferential suture is demarcated. Then, an encircling suture is applied circumferentially about 4 cm away from the tumor edge with nylon 1 suture [Figure 2] and [Figure 3]. A complete excision involving a whole skin thickness is made 2 cm away from the tumor edge and within the encircling suture line [Figure 4]. The tumor is excised completely [Figure 5] and hemostasis is ensured. The wound is dressed with suffratulle and held in position with crepe bandage. (The defect may be reconstructed immediately with a skin graft or done as a two-staged procedure.) The hemostatic sutures are removed 24 h after surgery. The average procedure time is 30 min.
Figure 1: Patient before insertion of suture

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Figure 2: Placing of encycling stitch in process

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Figure 3: Circumferential scalp stitching completed

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Figure 4: Scalp tumor being excised

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Figure 5: Tumor excision completed

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  Discussion Top


The scalp is a site for tumor growth including congenital types such as congenital extracranial immature teratoma. [2] In low-resource countries, the expertise of a reconstructive surgeon or even an experienced general surgeon may not be readily available. A technique which an average doctor can successfully perform for scalp tumor excision is highly essential. This technique allows local anesthesia for small scalp tumors and it also minimizes blood loss. Scalp surgical wounds bleed profusely because of poor retraction of the blood vessels. [3] Occasionally, the hemorrhage may be difficult to control. [4] In this technique, the initial encircling nylon sutures ensure hemostasis before excision is attempted. It allows complete and rapid excision as the surgical field is clear and the blood loss is very minimal. Excision can, therefore, be done promptly within a few minutes. The technique by these authors ensures complete excision with minimal blood loss. We have followed up some of the patients for up to 5 years. No complication has been noticed in our patients so far.


  Conclusion Top


This simple technique is inexpensive, causes negligible blood loss, and allows a speedy excision of the tumor. The procedure is easy to learn.

 
  References Top

1.Corradino B, Di LS, Leto Barone AA, Maresi E, Moschella F. Reconstruction of full thickness scalp defects after tumour excision in elderly patients: Our experience with Integra dermal regeneration template. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2010;63:245-7.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.Isik N, Yildirim S, Onoz M, Aras A. Surgical treatment of huge congenital extra cranial immature teratoma: A case report. Child Nerv Syst 2011:27;833-9.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.Kim SD, Park JY, Choi WS, Kim SH, Lim DJ, Chung HS. Intracranial recurrence of the scalp dermatofibrosarcoma. Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2007;109:172-5.  Back to cited text no. 3
[PUBMED]    
4.Bellet JS. Wagner AM. Difficult to control bleeding. Pediatr Dermatol 2009;26:559-62.  Back to cited text no. 4
    


    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3], [Figure 4], [Figure 5]



 

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  In this article
Abstract
Introduction
Operative Technique
Discussion
Conclusion
References
Article Figures

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