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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 10-15

Outcome of anterior hypospadias repair: A single center experience

1 Department of Paediatric Surgery, Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Institute, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Surgery, Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Institute, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. S Pramod
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Institute, Bangalore - 560 004, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ais.ais_17_18

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Background: Hypospadias is a common congenital condition affecting the male phallus. It is characterized by abnormal opening of the urethra on the ventral aspect of the penis with ventral curvature of the phallus (chordee). Various surgical techniques have been described in the treatment of hypospadias. Evaluate the surgical outcome of anterior hypospadias repair including different procedures used to repair distal hypospadias. A retrospective observational study conducted by the Department of Pediatric Surgery, Kempegowda institute of medical sciences hospital, Bangalore from January 2014 to January 2018 over a period of 4 years. Patients and Methods: All children with anterior hypospadias were included in the study. Children underwent either meatal advancement and glanuloplasty (MAGPI) or Snodgrass urethroplasty depending on the type of hypospadias. On follow–up, children were evaluated for complications. Chi square test was used to test for relationships between categorical variables. Results: Fifty children were included in the study. Age ranges of children were between 9 months to 14 years. Coronal hypospadias was the most common variety (32%). Chordee, undescended testis, inguinal hernia, and penile torsion were observed in 44%, 4%, 6%, and 4%, respectively. On preoperative ultrasonography, renal anomalies were observed in 4 (8%) children. Out of 50 children, 25 underwent MAGPI and remaining 25 underwent Snodgrass repair. Postoperative complication was seen in nine children (18%). Most common complication was urethral fistula seen in five (10%) children followed-by meatal stenosis. Of these nine children with complication, only three children required resurgery. Conclusion: Distal hypospadias is uncommonly associated with renal anomaly, which was once again reiterated in our study. Undescended testis and inguinal hernia were the most common associated anomalies with distal hypospadias. MAGPI is choice in case of glanular and coronal hypospadias with minimal chordee. Snodgrass technique is excellent choice in subcoronal and distal penile hypospadias with chordee.

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