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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 119-127

Fibrin glue reinforcement of choledochotomy closure suture line for prevention of bile leak in patients undergoing laparoscopic common bile duct exploration and primary closure

1 Department of Surgery, Maulana Azad Medical College and Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Anaesthesia, Maulana Azad Medical College and Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Bhavna Gupta
98 Om Vihar Phase 1 A, Uttam Nagar, Delhi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ais.ais_1_19

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Background: Laparoscopic common bile duct (CBD) exploration (LCBDE) allows cholecystectomy and the removal of CBD stones to be performed during the same sitting, thereby decreasing hospital stay. CBD exploration through choledochotomy can be closed primarily with an absorbable suture material but can lead to biliary leakage postoperatively. In this study, we tried to find a solution to further lower the incidence of bile leakage using fibrin glue to reinforce the sutures put on choledochotomy suture line. Patients and Methods: This study was conducted at a tertiary care teaching hospital in New Delhi, India. Twenty patients with CBD stones documented on magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography with CBD diameter of 9 mm or more were included in this study. Patients were randomized into two groups, namely – Group “A” in which choledochotomy was closed with polyglactin 4-0 suture and suture line reinforced with fibrin glue and Group “B” in which choledochotomy was closed with polyglactin 4-0 suture alone. Both the groups were evaluated and compared on clinical parameters such as operative time, drain content, drain output, number of days drain was required, blood loss and transfusion requirements, length of postoperative hospital stay, and conversion to open surgery. Results: The operative time for Group A ranged from 60 to 210 min (mean: 131.50 min) and Group B ranged from 65 to 300 min (mean: 140 min). In Group A, there was no case of bile leak but there was bile leak in 2 cases in Group B, minimum 0 and maximum 900 ml with a mean of 97 ml and P= 0.147 with no statistically significant difference in bile leak in test and control groups. The minimum and maximum serous drainage in Group A was nil and 80 ml (mean: 11 ml) and in Group B was nil and 270 ml (mean: 72.50 ml).P value came as 0.028 which was statistically significant. Thus, serous leakage in Group A was significantly less than in Group B. The drains in Group A were removed from 2 to 4 days (mean: 3 days) while in Group B from 2 to 9 days (mean: 3.9 days). The patients in Group A stayed in hospital postoperatively from 3 to 8 days (mean: 5.30) while in Group B, it ranged from 3 to 10 days with a mean of 5 days. Conclusion: Fibrin glue application on CBD decreases bile leakage but in statistically insignificant manner. Fibrin glue application on CBD can significantly decrease postoperative serous drainage after LCBDE. Fibrin glue application on CBD is safe and easy technique without any significant adverse effects and can help less experienced surgeons performing LCBDE.

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