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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 128-131

Prospective trauma registration using the international categorization of external causes of injury guidelines in a teaching hospital in Nigeria


Department of Surgery, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, PMB 3452 Kano, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Usman A Gwaram
Department of Surgery, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, PMB 3452, Kano
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2278-9596.122932

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Background: Classification of external causes of injury is essential for injury surveillance. The aim of this study was to evaluate the external causes of injury using the international categorization of external causes of injury (ICECI) guidelines. Materials and Methods: Patients 18 years and above with injuries were prospectively selected for the study between 1 st July 2009 and 1 st December 2009. Written informed consent was obtained from each of patients or their relation if unconscious. Bio-data was obtained from each of patients, the registration and data of the event was recorded according to the ICECI guidelines. Results: A total of 252 patients were studied. Their age ranged from 18 to 72 years. There were 192 ( 76.2%) males and 60 (23.8%) females with a male to female ratio of 3.2:1. Most of the injuries were following road traffic accidents, a third of which were motorcycle related crashes. There was a low utilization of vehicular safety devices and alcohol and psychoactive substances contributed to injury in about 9% of patients. Conclusion: Use of the ICECI guideline in trauma registration could yield relevant data necessary for injury surveillance and we recommend its use for injury registration in our hospitals.


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