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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 96-100

Outcome of surgery in a manual small incision cataract surgery training in Calabar, Nigeria

Department of Ophthalmology, University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, University of Calabar, Calabar, Cross River, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. D G Nkanga
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, University of Calabar, PMB 1115, Calabar, Cross River State
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2278-9596.158824

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Background: Cataract is the leading cause of blindness in developing countries. Phacoemulsification is beyond the reach of many in these resources limited setting. Manual Small Incision Cataract Surgery (SICS) is a safe, low-cost, high-quality alternative. This is a review of outcome of SICS performed by trainee Surgeons during the first SICS training course in our centre. Patients and Methods: Eleven experienced Extracapsular Cataract Extraction (ECCE) surgeons from training centers across Nigeria were selected for a weeklong SICS training and conversion course. A review of visual outcome and complications of surgeries performed by these trainees on adult subjects is here reported. Results: Eighty-two eyes met the inclusion criteria. Male to female ratio was 1.4:1. Intraocular lenses were implanted in 80 eyes (97.5%). Visual outcome at 3 months post-operatively was good in 58 eyes (70.7%), borderline in 20 (24.4%), and poor in 4 (4.9%) subjects. The most common late post-operative complication, resulting in poor outcome was uncorrected aphakia in 2 (2.4%) eyes. Conclusion: The outcome did not meet World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations but was better than that reported for ECCE in the country. Conversion to SICS may not be difficult for competent ECCE surgeons as trainees achieved reasonable dexterity with acceptable post-operative outcome and complications profile in one week. To maximize patient safety and good outcome, a longer training period is recommended.

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