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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 28-31

Burns during pregnancy: A retrospective analysis of 19 cases

1 Department of General Surgery, Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India
2 Department of General Surgery, Sikkim Manipal College, Sikkim, India
3 Department of Surgical Oncology, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Institute of Medical Sciences (RMLIMS), Lucknow, India
4 Department of Biology, Yogada Satsang Mahavidyalaya, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India
5 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, KEMM Hospital, Kerala, India
6 Department of Primary Health Services, PHC, Basti, India
7 Department of Nursing, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sanjay Kumar Yadav
3/50, RIMS Boys Hostel, Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences, Ranchi - 834 009, Jharkhand
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2278-9596.187198

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Background: Due to the limited availability of literature on management of burns during pregnancy, many surgical units face the difficult task of handling such cases. Keeping this in mind, a retrospective analysis of all the burnt females with pregnancy was done. Patients and Methods: A total of 19 cases of burns in pregnancy were analyzed in this study. The demographic characteristic and stage of pregnancy of the patients were evaluated. In addition, the causes, severity of the treatment, and outcome were noted. Results: The highest number of cases was in the 2nd trimester. The third trimester was associated with the highest incidence of abortion. Abortion was spontaneous in 70% of the cases. Maternal deaths were least in the 1st trimester. The rate of spontaneous abortion was highest in the 1st trimester. Conclusion: Burns in pregnancy are associated with high fetal loss. Prevention of burns in the pregnant woman is essential in reducing the morbidity and mortality associated with these injuries.

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