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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 153-157

Feminizing genitoplasty in congenital adrenal hyperplasia: A new method for clitoral reduction

Department of Paediatric Surgery, Pt. B. D. Sharma PGIMS, Rohtak, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Yogender S Kadian
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Pt. B. D. Sharma PGIMS, Rohtak, Haryana - 124 001
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2278-9596.202368

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Background: Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is a disorder wherein female babies are born with masculinized external genitalia characterized by hyperpigmented or fused labioscrotal tissue, a urogenital sinus, and clitoromegaly. Feminizing genitoplasty (clitoroplasty, labioplasty, and vaginoplasty) is necessary to make the patient consistent with gender identity and to ensure adequate sexual function in pubertal age. Patients and Method: We performed feminizing genitoplasty in which reduction clitoroplasty was done by a ventral approach in 6 patients of CAH, with a mean age of 3.8 years. Excessive erectile tissue was excised by giving incisions into Buck's fascia at 8 and 4 o'clock position on the clitoral shaft and Byar's flaps created from the degloved clitoral shaft were used for labial and vaginal reconstruction. The glans clitoris was left as such and anchored to proximal 1–1.5 cm clitoral shaft. Results: All patients had good cosmetic female appearance of external genitalia. In 5 patients, the clitoroplasty was done along with labioplasty and vaginal introitus exteriorization. However, in 1 patient, the vaginal confluence into urogenital sinus was high and hence only clitoral reduction as well as labioplasty was done and the urogenital sinus opening was left as such. The maximum follow-up is up to 6 years with good result. Conclusion: The reduction clitoroplasty by present approach of 8 and 4 o'clock incision into the Buck's fascia is a good option for clitoral girth and length reduction as it preserves approximately two-third of Buck's fascia with intact neuromuscular bundle and glans. Postoperatively, patients have good vascularity and sensation of the glans clitoris and acceptable cosmetic outcome. However, the long-term results are difficult to comment as no patient of the present study achieved puberty.

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