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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 69-71

Primary renal squamous cell carcinoma: A case report and literature review

1 Department of Pathology Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital/Bayero University Kano, Kano, Nigeria
2 Department of Surgery, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital/Bayero University Kano, Kano, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ali B Umar
Department of Pathology, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital/Bayero University Kano, Kano
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ais.ais_42_20

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Squamous cell carcinoma is an aggressive but rarely diagnosed cancer of the kidney. Most cases occur in association with renal calculi and thus require a high index of suspicion for their diagnosis. Though aggressive, it usually presents at a late stage and has an average 5-year survival rate of less than 10%. This is a case report of a 61-year-old male who presented with right flank pain and swelling of 4 years duration and fever and weight loss for 4 months. There was no hematuria and urinalysis and serum chemistry were within normal limits. A tumor in the right kidney was identified clinically and by computerized urography (CTU). At nephrectomy, multiple stones, hydronephrosis and pyonephrosis were found in addition to the tumor in the right kidney. Histological examination revealed squamous cell carcinoma of the kidney.

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